How the West Brought War to Ukraine: Understanding How U.S. and NATO Policies Led to Crisis, War, and the Risk of Nuclear Catastrophe

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How the West Brought War to Ukraine: Understanding How U.S. and NATO Policies Led to Crisis, War, and the Risk of Nuclear Catastrophe

How the West Brought War to Ukraine: Understanding How U.S. and NATO Policies Led to Crisis, War, and the Risk of Nuclear Catastrophe

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Turkiye is considered mostly as a “partner” in Russia (60 per cent), China (38 per cent), and India (39 per cent) – although a third of Chinese and Indians describe the country as a “rival” or an “adversary. The poll finds that 20 per cent of Russians award the accolade to Russia, which is also the top substantive answer there.

Rather it’s a 60-page political pamphlet, although its only real ideology is being against unnecessary bloodshed. This is the prevailing view in every one of the nine EU countries polled, with an average of 55 per cent of these EU citizens supporting it. Instead, the West will have to live, as one pole of a multipolar world, with hostile dictatorships such as China and Russia, but also with independent major powers such as India and Turkiye.

With a history of ‘keeping the gas flowing’ throughout even the Cold War, Soviet invasion of Afghanistan, and nuclear crisis of the 1980s, Russia banked on Europe losing its nerve, says John Lough, associate fellow in the Russia and Eurasia programme. Timothy Ash, associate fellow in the Russia and Eurasia programme, says that while there is a small possibility of positive change with reforming forces emerging, more likely is the disintegration of the Russian federation into many new states. Alongside the changes to Europe’s security architecture, Russia’s illegal invasion has ushered in a new type of information warfare says Magdalene Karalis, Chatham House Stavros Niarchos academy fellow, especially the widespread use of open-source intelligence (OSINT). The West has not disintegrated, but its consolidation has come at a moment when other powers will not simply do as it wishes.

Abelow agreed to chat briefly with Real Change, touching on how he avoided the touchier sides of the subject, how the American public has been misled about the war and why it’s important that the conflict comes to a conclusion as quickly and safely as possible. But what I really enjoyed about your book is it’s not about partisan opinions; it’s about having a clear understanding of it. Nor is its population willing to give up their reasonable living standard and economic liberty for a conflict that brings long term pain and generational division across the Strait. It is instructive to compare the USSR’s proposal for German neutrality with Russia’s proposal for Ukraine’s neutrality following the western provoked far-right 2014 coup in Ukraine. Through a series of misguided policies, Washington and its European allies placed Russia in an untenable situation for which war seemed, to Mr.Abelow makes a clear and compelling case that the United States and its NATO allies—not Vladimir Putin—are the principal culprits.

Reflecting on the war, Americans and Europeans are united in believing that Russia is an “adversary” or a “rival. In this context, decision-makers in the US and the EU may feel inclined to view countries such as India and Turkiye as swing states that can be cajoled into siding with the West. Seemingly underestimating a well-organized, uber-motivated Ukraine resistance – armed and trained in using the latest Western-supplied military hardware – has also been key. Russia has a history of being invaded from the west; at the beginning of the 19th century, at the beginning of the 20th century and, most devastatingly, during the 2WW when the USSR lost more people than the combined total of the rest of its western allies. James Nixey, director of the Russia and Eurasia programme, says: ‘There is no going back after this.

In stark contrast to US pressure, the newly established Russia’s principal foreign policy objective was to join the West, to become an integral player in Greater Europe and even a major ally of the United States. He has managed to be both a crucial supplier of weapons to Ukraine and one of Russia’s most trusted economic partners.

Many non-Western nations had their own moments of disappointment in the way that Western countries have neglected crises that were existentially important to these players. Outside Europe, the polls were conducted by Gallup International Association (GIA) through independent local partners as an online survey in the US (1,074; on 17 January; through Distance/SurveyMonkey), China (1,024; 3-17 January; Distance/Dynata), and Turkiye (1,085; 3-19 January; Distance/Dynata); and through face-to-face surveys in Russia (800; 26 December to 17 January: BeMedia Consultant) and India (1,343; 27 December-18 January; Convergent). They must be taken seriously, says Dr Patricia Lewis, director of the International Security programme, but she adds they are also ‘scare tactics’ designed to ‘beat the chest’ of Russian people and bully the West.He is able to pull off a rather neat trick: criticizing the West’s role in inciting the war without straying into pro-Russian apologia. Susi Dennison, Josef Lolacher, and Anand Sundar made sensitive and useful suggestions on the substance. In an increasingly fragmented and polarised world, countries such as India and Turkiye appear attracted to free-floating sovereigntism – where every conflict between superpowers becomes an opportunity to assert one’s relevance and capacity to take sovereign decisions. There are also people in the military, I think, [where] their power and prestige is amplified when the country is at war like this or actively involved in a war. Russian citizens will no longer be able to rely on their Convention rights nor have redress to the European Convention on Human Rights for new cases.



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